Most 8 Cervical Cancer Signs Women Should Be Aware Of -All The Time

By uptolights - October 26, 2019

Most 8 Cervical Cancer Signs Women Should Be Aware Of -All The Time

Cervical Cancer or cancer of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) is caused by abnormal cells in the cervix which get infected. They then become cancerous tumors. While there are various causes of cervical cancer such as weakened immunity, smoking and ageing, the most common cause is the HPV or Human papillomavirus that can be transmitted from infected skin to skin contact. An HPV infection that affects women at any given point of life in respect to contracted risk from physical association with infected partners. However one must note that cervical cancer isn’t caused from every instance of such infections which are usually fought by the body’s immunity. However it is certain types of the virus which may develop into cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.

When exposed to HPV, the body's immune system typically prevents the virus from doing harm. In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells.

You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.

8 : Abnormal or Excessive bleeding

While unusual and abnormal bleeding can be a cause of other factors, it is also a sign of cervical cancer. Heavy and excessive bleeding during your menstrual cycle, bleeding after menopause and after physical interaction, lengthy menses and cervical irritation are indicators of the disease. Bleeding of any kind should be brought to a doctor’s attention immediately.

What is abnormal uterine bleeding?

Abnormal uterine bleeding is any heavy or unusual bleeding from the uterus (through your vagina). It can occur at any time during your monthly cycle, including during your normal menstrual period.
Symptoms of abnormal uterine bleeding

Vaginal bleeding between periods is one symptom of abnormal uterine bleeding. Having extremely heavy bleeding during your period can also be considered abnormal uterine bleeding. Very heavy bleeding during a period and/or bleeding that lasts more than 7 days is called menorrhagia. For example, women may bleed enough to soak through 1 or more tampons or sanitary pads every hour.
Doctors Notes banner
Rx and pen

By asking the right questions, I diagnosed a treatable thyroid problem that my patient thought was part of aging.  Read More

by Dr. Tania Mathew

What causes abnormal uterine bleeding?

  • A variety of things can cause abnormal uterine bleeding. Pregnancy is a common cause. Polyps or fibroids (small and large growths) in the uterus can also cause bleeding. Rarely, a thyroid problem, infection of the cervix, or cancer of the uterus can cause abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • In most women, abnormal uterine bleeding is caused by a hormone imbalance. When hormones are the problem, doctors call the problem dysfunctional uterine bleeding, or DUB. Abnormal bleeding caused by hormone imbalance is more common in teenagers or in women who are approaching menopause.
  • These are just a few of the problems that can cause abnormal uterine bleeding. These problems can occur at any age, but the likely cause of abnormal uterine bleeding usually depends on your age.

Women in their teens, 20s, and 30s

A common cause of abnormal bleeding in young women and teenagers is pregnancy. Many women have abnormal bleeding in the first few months of a normal pregnancy. Some birth control pills or the intrauterine device (IUD) can also cause abnormal bleeding.

Some young women who have abnormal uterine bleeding do not release an egg from their ovaries (called ovulation) during their menstrual cycle. This is common for teenagers who have just started getting their periods. This causes a hormone imbalance where the estrogen in your body makes the lining of your uterus (called the endometrium) grow until it gets too thick. When your body gets rid of this lining during your period, the bleeding will be very heavy. A hormone imbalance may also cause your body not to know when to shed the lining. This can cause irregular bleeding (“spotting”) between your periods.

Women in their 40s and early 50s

In the years before menopause and when menopause begins, women have months when they don’t ovulate. This can cause abnormal uterine bleeding, including heavy periods and lighter, irregular bleeding.

Thickening of the lining of the uterus is another cause of bleeding in women in their 40s and 50s. This thickening can be a warning of uterine cancer. If you have abnormal uterine bleeding and you’re in this age group, you need to tell your doctor about it. It may be a normal part of getting older, but it’s important to make sure uterine cancer isn’t the cause.

Women after menopause

Hormone replacement therapy is a common cause of uterine bleeding after menopause. Other causes include endometrial and uterine cancer. These cancers are more common in older women than in younger women. But cancer is not always the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. Many other problems can cause bleeding after menopause. For this reason, it’s important to talk to your doctor if you have any bleeding after menopause.
How is abnormal uterine bleeding diagnosed?

The tests your doctor orders may depend on your age. If you could be pregnant, your doctor may order a pregnancy test. If your bleeding is heavy, in addition to other tests, your doctor may want to check your blood count to make sure you don’t have a low blood count from the blood loss. This could lead to iron deficiency and anemia.

An ultrasound exam of your pelvic area shows both the uterus and the ovaries. It may also show the cause of your bleeding.

Your doctor may want to do an endometrial biopsy. This is a test of the uterine lining. It’s done by putting a thin plastic tube (called a catheter) into your uterus. Your doctor will use the catheter to remove a tiny piece of the uterine lining. He or she will send that lining to the lab for testing. The test will show if you have cancer or a change in the cells. A biopsy can be done in the doctor’s office and causes only mild pain.

Another test is a hysteroscopy. A thin tube with a tiny camera in it is put into your uterus. The camer 

7 : Abnormal discharge

Vaginal discharge is most often a normal and regular occurrence. However, there are certain types of discharge that can indicate an infection. Abnormal discharge may be yellow or green, chunky in consistency, or foul smelling.

Yeast or a bacterial infection usually causes abnormal discharge. If you notice any discharge that looks unusual or smells foul, see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Types of vaginal discharge

There are several different types of vaginal discharge. These types are categorized based on their color and consistency. Some types of discharge are normal. Others may indicate an underlying condition that requires treatment.
A clear and watery discharge is perfectly normal. It can occur at any time of the month. It may be especially heavy after exercise.
Clear and stretchy

When discharge is clear but stretchy and mucous-like, rather than watery, it indicates that you are likely ovulating. This is a normal type of discharge.
Brown or bloody

Brown or bloody discharge is usually normal, especially when it occurs during or right after your menstrual cycle. A late discharge at the end of your period can look brown instead of red. You may also experience a small amount of bloody discharge between periods. This is called spotting.

In rare cases, brown or bloody discharge can be a sign of endometrial or cervical cancer. It could be other problems such as fibroids or other abnormal growths. This is why it’s important to get a yearly pelvic exam and Pap smear. Your gynecologist will check for cervical abnormalities during these procedures.
Yellow or green

A yellow or green discharge, especially when it’s thick, chunky, or accompanied by an unpleasant smell, isn’t normal. This type of discharge may be a sign of the infection trichomoniasis. It’s commonly spread through sexual intercourse.  

6 : Discomfort in urination

Painful urination is a broad term that describes discomfort during urination. This pain may originate in the bladder, urethra, or perineum.
The urethra is the tube that carries urine outside of your body. In men, the area between the scrotum and the anus is known as the perineum. In women, the perineum is the area between the anus and the opening of the vagina.
Painful urination is very common. Pain, burning, or stinging can indicate a number of medical conditions.

What causes painful urination?

The urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys make up your urinary tract. The uretersare tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Inflammation in any of these organs can cause pain during urination.
According to the Mayo Clinic, women are more likely to develop urinary tract infections than men. This is because the urethra is shorter in women than it is in men. A shorter urethra means that bacteria have a shorter distance to travel to reach the bladder. Women who are pregnant or menopausal also have an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections.
Other medical conditions can cause painful urination in men and women.
Men may experience painful urination due to prostatitis. This condition is the inflammation of the prostate gland. It’s a primary cause of urinary burning, stinging, and discomfort.
You may also experience pain when urinating if you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Some STIs that may cause painful urination include genital herpes, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. It’s important to be screened for these infections, especially because they don't always have symptoms.
Certain sexual practices will put you at a higher risk for STIs, such as having sex without a condom, or sex with multiple partners. Anyone who is sexually active should get tested for STIs.
Another cause of painful urination is cystitis, or the inflammation of the bladder’s lining. Interstitial cystitis (IC) is also known as painful bladder syndrome. It’s the most common type of cystitis.
Symptoms of IC include pain and tenderness in the bladder and pelvic region. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), doctors don’t know what causes IC.
In some cases, radiation therapy can cause bladder and urinary pain. This condition is known as radiation cystitis.
ay have difficulty urinating comfortably if you have kidney stones. Kidney stonesare masses of hardened material located in the kidneys.
Sometimes painful urination isn’t due to an infection. It can also be due to products that you use in the genital regions. Soaps, lotions, and bubble baths can irritate vaginal tissues. Dyes in laundry detergents and other toiletry products can also cause irritation and lead to painful urination.

5 : Just one swollen leg

Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is also known as peripheral edema, which refers to an accumulation of fluid in these parts of the body. The buildup of fluid usually isn’t painful, unless it’s due to injury. Swelling is often more apparent in the lower areas of the body because of gravity.

Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is most common in older adults. The swelling can occur on both sides of the body or on just one side. One or more areas in the lower body may be affected.

While swelling in the foot, leg, and ankle usually doesn’t pose a significant health risk, it’s important to know when to see a doctor. Swelling may sometimes indicate a more serious underlying health issue that needs to be treated right away.
Common causes of foot, leg, and ankle swelling

There are many potential causes of foot, leg, and ankle swelling. In most cases, swelling occurs as a result of certain lifestyle factors, such as:

  •     Being overweight. Excess body mass can decrease blood circulation, causing fluid to build up in the feet, legs, and ankles.
  •     Standing or sitting for long periods. When the muscles are inactive, they can’t pump body fluids back up toward the heart. The retention of water and blood can cause swelling in the legs.

Foot, leg, and ankle swelling can also occur while taking particular medications, such as:

  •     steroids
  •     estrogen or testosterone
  •     some antidepressants, including tricyclics and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  •     nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen and aspirin

These types of medications can reduce blood circulation by increasing the thickness of the blood, causing swelling in the legs.

Make sure to talk to your doctor if you suspect that your medication is causing swelling in your lower extremities. Don’t stop taking your medication until you speak with your doctor.

Other possible causes for foot, leg, and ankle swelling include certain medical conditions or body changes, such as:

  •     Natural hormonal changes. Fluctuating levels of estrogen and progesterone can cause reduced circulation in the legs, resulting in swelling. These changes in hormone levels may occur during pregnancy and a woman’s menstrual cycle.
  •     Blood clot in the leg. A blood clot is a clump of blood that’s in a solid state. When a blood clot forms in a vein of the leg, it can impair blood flow, leading to swelling and discomfort.
  •     Injury or infection. An injury or infection affecting the foot, leg, or ankle results in increased blood flow to the area. This presents as swelling.
  •     Venous insufficiency. This condition occurs when the veins are unable to pump blood adequately, causing blood to pool in the legs.
  •     Pericarditis. This is a long-term inflammation of the pericardium, which is the sac-like membrane around the heart. The condition causes breathing difficulties and severe, chronic swelling in the legs and ankles.
  •     Lymphedema. Also known as lymphatic obstruction, lymphedema causes blockages in the lymphatic system. This system is made up of lymph nodes and blood vessels that help carry fluid throughout the body. A blockage in the lymphatic system causes tissues to become swollen with fluid, resulting in swelling in the arms and legs.
  •     Preeclampsia. This condition causes high blood pressure during pregnancy. The increase in blood pressure can result in poor circulation and swelling in the face, hands, and legs.
  •     Cirrhosis. This refers to severe scarring of the liver, which is often caused by alcohol abuse or infection (hepatitis B or C). The condition can cause high blood pressure and poor circulation in the feet, legs, and ankles.

 4 : Pelvic and back pain 

 Pelvic pain affects the lowest part of the abdomen, between the belly button and groin. In women, pelvic pain may be a sign of menstrual cramps, ovulation, or a gastrointestinal issue such as a food intolerance. It can also develop due to a more serious problem.
Sometimes, pelvic pain is an indicator of an infection or issue with the reproductive system or other organs in the area. When this is the case, a woman may need to see a doctor.


  1.  Menstrual pain and cramps
  2.  Ovulation
  3. Interstitial cystitis
  4. Cystitis or urinary tract infections
  5. Sexually transmitted infections
  6. Pelvic inflammatory disease
  7. Endometriosis
  8. Irritable bowel syndrome
  9. Appendicitis
  10. Urinary stones
  11. Ectopic pregnancy
  12. Pelvic adhesions
  13. Ovarian cysts
  14. Uterine fibroids
  15. Tumor

When to see a doctor ?

  • female doctor and patient discussing treatment and taking medical history
  • If a person has new pelvic pain then they should visit a doctor.
  • For many causes of pelvic pain, it is not necessary to seek medical care.
  • However, there are some occasions when the woman should see a doctor.
  • Any new, severe pain requires evaluation. For example, a person who suspects that an infection is causing their pelvic pain should visit a doctor. While some infections clear up on their own, the chance of complications is often not worth the risk of waiting.
  • Anyone with vaginal bleeding they do not expect, and severe pain should also consult a doctor promptly.
  • If a person has a known condition and experiences sudden changes in pain, such as sharp twists or sudden severe pain, they should seek medical attention, as this could be a sign of a serious change in the condition. 

3 : Loss of appetite and weight loss

Like in most cancers, the symptoms of cervical cancer can include sudden weight loss and appetite loss. Cancerous tumors increase production of cytokines which are small proteins that suppress appetite. They also alter the body’s metabolism to break down fat faster at an abnormal rate causing sudden weight loss and reduced muscle mass.

Fatigue is a constant state of tiredness, even when you’ve gotten your usual amount of sleep. This symptom develops over time and causes a drop in your physical, emotional, and psychological energy levels. You’re also more likely to feel unmotivated to participate in or do activities you normally enjoy.

Some other signs of fatigue include feeling:

  •     physically weaker than usual
  •     tired, despite rest
  •     as though you have less stamina or endurance than normal
  •     mentally tired and moody

Loss of appetite means you don’t have the same desire to eat as you used to. Signs of decreased appetite include not wanting to eat, unintentional weight loss, and not feeling hungry. The idea of eating food may make you feel nauseous, as if you might vomit after eating. Long-term loss of appetite is also known as anorexia, which can have a medical or psychological cause.

It may be a warning sign from your body when you feel fatigue and loss of appetite together. Read on to see what conditions may cause these symptoms.

What causes fatigue and loss of appetite?

Fatigue and loss of appetite are symptoms of several health conditions. The condition can be as common as the flu or a sign of something more serious like cancer. Often a loss of appetite can cause fatigue, especially if you aren’t getting enough calories or nutrients. Chronic, or long-term, pain can also interfere with your appetite and cause fatigue.

Some conditions that can cause continuous pain include:

    nerve damage
    postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)
    pain after surgery

Other causes of fatigue and loss of appetite include:

    chronic fatigue syndrome
    flu and common cold
    postpartum depression
    heat emergencies
    premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
    alcohol withdrawal syndrome

2 : Constant fatigue

One of the signs of cervical cancer is unusual lethargy and fatigue especially when combined with other symptoms. Your body works harder to fight disease which makes it tired.

Most of the time fatigue can be traced to one or more of your habits or routines, particularly lack of exercise. It's also commonly related to depression. On occasion, fatigue is a symptom of other underlying conditions that require medical treatment.
Lifestyle factors

Taking an honest inventory of things that might be responsible for your fatigue is often the first step toward relief. Fatigue may be related to:

  •     Use of alcohol or drugs
  •     Excess physical activity
  •     Jet lag disorder
  •     Lack of physical activity
  •     Lack of sleep
  •     Medications, such as antihistamines, cough medicines
  •     Unhealthy eating habits


Unrelenting exhaustion may be a sign of a condition or an effect of the drugs or therapies used to treat it, such as:

  •     Acute liver failure
  •     Anemia
  •     Anxiety disorders
  •     Cancer
  •     Chronic fatigue syndrome
  •     Chronic infection or inflammation
  •     Chronic kidney disease
  •     Concussion
  •     COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) exacerbation — worsening of symptoms
  •     Depression (major depressive disorder)
  •     Diabetes
  •     Emphysema
  •     Fibromyalgia
  •     Grief
  •     Heart disease
  •     Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  •     Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
  •     Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  •     Medications and treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, pain drugs, heart drugs and antidepressants
  •     Multiple sclerosis
  •     Obesity
  •     Pain that's persistent
  •     Sleep apnea
  •     Stress
  •     Traumatic brain injury 

1 : Anaemia

Anaemia is a deficiency in the number or quality of red blood cells in your body. Red blood cells carry oxygen around your body using a particular protein called haemoglobin. Anaemia means that either the level of red blood cells or the level of haemoglobin is lower than normal. When a person has anaemia, their heart has to work harder to pump the quantity of blood needed to get enough oxygen around their body. During heavy exercise, the cells may not be able to carry enough oxygen to meet the body’s needs and the person can become exhausted and feel unwell. Anaemia isn’t a disease in itself, but a result of a malfunction somewhere in the body. This blood condition is common, particularly in females. Some estimates suggest that around one in five menstruating women and half of all pregnant women are anaemic.

When a condition of anemia is observed in combination with two or more of the above symptoms, it could be a sign of advanced cervical cancer caused by excessive or abnormal bleeding.

The best way to prevent cervical cancer is timely cervical screening, common urine tests and a check up from your doctor even when you observe minor but unusual changes in your lower physiology.

To Find Out More About The Next Part, Please Head On Over To The Next Page Button.



You Might Also Like